Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves): This is an herb known under many names. A few years back it was best known as Horny Goat Weed. It did fair result wise when first introduced in the United States but unfortunately poor extraction methods and standardization resulted in most products containing nothing more than expensive roughage. We got it right of course.
Studies indicate Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves) stimulates and excites sensory nerves particularly in the genital region. What's more, studies conducted with animals and humans suggest Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves) enhances sperm production/count and influences desire…as well as sexual activity. In short, hornier, improved erectile support and pornstar-like volume finishes.
So how does Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves) work? Research has shown that Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves) can inhibit an enzyme called acetylcholinesterase (AChE). AChE rapidly stops neurotransmission at cholinergic synapses like those found in the brain and at neuromuscular junctions. By inhibiting AChE, this acts to enhance neurotransmitters associated with sexual arousal in both men and women. Epimedium grandiflorum extract (leaves) is regarded by traditional herbal practitioners in China as the “gatekeepers” of sexual function. After team testing, we have to concur in a big way.
Rauwolfia Serpentina Concentrate: This is an interesting herbal that provides us with a few alkaloids that not only support erectile capacity but exhibit some mood enhancing properties as well. The primary alkaloids of interest here are yohimbine and alpha-yohimbine. Yohimbine is a pre-synaptic alpha 2-adrenergic blocking agent. The exact mechanism for its use in impotence has not been fully elucidated yet but we are getting close. Since yohimbine is medically prescribed in many countries as a prescription erectile function drug but is legal for OTC sales in the US, it should not be a shock to find it in this man’s main matrix. Much of the available research strongly supports yohimbine may exert its beneficial effect on erectile ability through blockade of central alpha 2-adrenergic receptors. This in turn produces an increase in sympathetic drive secondary to an increase in norepinephrine release and in firing rate of cells in the brain noradrenergic nuclei. Yohimbine-mediated norepinephrine release at the level of the corporeal tissues may also be involved. In addition, beneficial euphoric effects may involve other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin and cholinergic receptors.
As mentioned prior, yohimbine blocks presynaptic alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. Its action on peripheral blood vessels resembles that of reserpine. Yohimbine's peripheral autonomic nervous system effect is to increase parasympathetic (cholinergic) and decrease sympathetic (adrenergic) activity. It is to be noted that in male sexual performance, erection is linked to cholinergic activity and to alpha-2 adrenergic blockade which may theoretically result in increased penile inflow, decreased penile outflow or both. In short, diamond cutters that last.
Osthola is kind of an amazing herb that contains a natural form of the compound 4-methylpiperazine, which significantly boosts the body's ability to release nitric oxide and greatly increases the body's ability to create cGMP. Nitric oxide helps to relax smooth muscle tissue and enhances blood flow. This enhanced blood flow is paramount to achieving and maintaining erections. It also has the cool effect assumed only possible with the use of prescription drugs in that it inhibits PDE-5 thus allowing erections to be sustained for longer periods of time. Naturally, this effect works upon women and men alike as PDE-5 inhibition also increases blood flow to the clitoris making for a more sensitive and erotic experience. Kinda cool, huh?
Xanthoparmelia Scabrosa Extract: This compound triggers smooth muscle relaxation thus allowing for maximum arterial dilation and increased blood flow to the penis. How effective is this compound? The FDA once did a recall on an OTC product that contained it because the compound is so similar to tadalafil when tested by HPLC and assumed the product was spiked due to the lab test results as well as its effect upon users. Naturally the FDA was doing its job of protecting consumers but the difference in structure was eventually validated and the compound was again allowed in OTC products. Of course the extraction process has to be absolutely exact or the result is benign powder.
Gamma Amino Butyric Acid (GABA): The glutamate derived amino acid compound gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) main role is to function as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. This compound is vital for proper brain functioning and is essential in the metabolic processes in the brain. Glutamic acid or glutamate is the precursor of GABA, and this compound is formed in the body itself. One of the main roles of GABA is to decrease the activity of neurons and to inhibit the sudden firing of nerve cells. GABA works alongside niacin-amide and inositol and stops the anxiety and stress messages from getting into the motor centers of the brain by receptor site inhibition - GABA thus serves to calm things down in the human brain. Hmmm, do you think inhibition of anxiety and stress while supporting a euphoric mood may lead to better bedroom Olympics?
Maca Extract: Weird but this is a close member of the radish family (just thought that was interesting).
Dating back almost 500 years, maca was first utilized by the Incas for its positive influence upon sexual function and fertility. Huh…I thought the Incas were known for gold, not wood. While maca first gained popularity through earlier cultures in South America, it has now made significant headway in the United States during the last ten years. Studies on mice that were administered maca extract demonstrated its ability to increase sexual drive and stamina. Today, maca's popularity continues to grow as people from around the world experience first hand, the benefits it possesses with respect to sexual function, libido and overall energy.
Muira Puama Extract: Best known as “potency wood,” this shrub is a traditional aphrodisiac among many native people throughout the Amazon and other areas. In one study, researchers in Paris surveyed the sexuality of 202 healthy women complaining of low libido, and then gave them a combination of muira puama and ginkgo. Two thirds reported improved sexual function: greater libido, more frequent intercourse, increased likelihood of orgasm, more intense orgasms and greater sexual satisfaction. Gee, you think that a plant called “potency wood” by so many different nations may have some reason to be named as such?"
There is a particular recent study I found rather interesting in regard to this herb. (Physiol Behav. 2008 Sep 3;95(1-2):88-92. Epub 2008 May 1) “Nootropic, antioxidant, and neuroprotective properties have been shown in a standardized Muira Puama extract commonly known as a medicinal plant traditionally used by the Amazonian elderly population. It has been revealed that potency wood mechanisms of action include anticholinesterase effects, and involve beta-adrenergic and dopamine D(1) receptors.”
Okay, the neurotransmitters Acetylcholine and dopamine in the brain are responsible for maintaining libido. Simple enough-that is the reason the herbal extract is in Pornstar™?
Betea Superba Extract: Betea Superba A.K.A. Butea superba contains a high cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor activity. Obviously this is directly related to corpus cavernosal vasodilation.
To study the effect of Betea superba extract on erectile dysfunction in Thai males, 3-month randomized double-blind clinical trial was carried out in volunteers with erectile dysfunction, aged 30-years to approximately 70-years to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the crude preparation of Butea superba tubers on erectile dysfunction. Estimation of the sexual record indicated that 82% of the patients exhibited noticeable improvement. Hematology and blood chemistry analysis revealed no apparent change. The plant extract preparation appears to improve the erectile function in impotence patients without apparent toxicity.
Mucuna Pruiens Extract: Mucuna pruriens extract contains an important precursor called L-Dopa or L-Dopamine that is a physiological step away from dopamine. The conversion process takes place within the nervous system of the body and helps maintain and replenish Dopamine neurotransmitter levels optimal in the brain. No joke, mucuna pruriens extract actually contains this important compound, which effectively bypasses a long string of physiological conversions that are required by the body to make it naturally.
L-Dopa is an amino acid that is converted or made from the amino acid L-Tyrosine, that itself converts into Dopamine. Dopamine is not only integral to healthy and normal brain function, also by being one of many neurotransmitters, dopamine helps nerve and brain cells communicate with each other. This is important as it bypasses physiological processes and provides a direct precursor to Dopamine.
So why is L-Dopa and Dopamine so important as well as a key compound in the ALR Industries Pornstar™ product? Well let's start with the good. Optimal levels of L-Dopamine have been shown to improve overall mental health and well-being by elevating mood, increasing one’s immune system, enhancing libido and improving sleep. A lack in Dopamine can result in sadness, frustration, anxiety and the inability to focus. Any more questions?
Eurycoma Longifolia Extract: There really are hundreds of studies supporting the positive effect Eurycoma Longifolia Extract has upon libido, frequency and overall greater pleasure. Of course most were rat studies (Lucky bastards) but every human, monkey or rat study confirmed the same finding: Eurycoma Longifolia Extract makes males horny while improving frequency of sexual relations.